Reducing Risk

The American Cancer Society recommends several ways to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. They include:

  • Eating a variety of foods with an emphasis on plant sources while reducing consumption of red meats. Five or more servings of fruits and vegetables are recommended each day. 
  • Lycopenes, which can be found in tomatoes and tomato products, pink grapefruit and watermelon, are antioxidants that may help prevent DNA damage and protect against cancer. 
  • Research has shown that a drug used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, called finasteride (marketed as Proscar) may decrease a man’s likelihood of developing prostate cancer. However for those that do develop the disease while taking the drug, some evidence suggests that the cancers have a greater likelihood of growing and spreading. Men thinking about using this as a prevention option should consult with their physicians.